James Horner

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James Horner
James Horner 2015.jpg
Horner no 2015.
Nome completo James Roy Horner
Data de nacemento 14 de agosto de 1953
Lugar de nacemento Os Ánxeles, California, Estados Unidos de América Estados Unidos
Data de falecemento 22 de xuño de 2015 (61 anos)
Lugar de falecemento Bosque Nacional Los Padres, California, Estados Unidos de América Estados Unidos
Instrumento(s) Piano

James Roy Horner, nado nos Ánxeles o 14 de agosto de 1953[1] e finado en Santa Bárbara o 22 de xuño de 2015[2], foi un compositor, director e orquestrador estadounidense de música de orquestra e bandas sonoras. Caracterizouse pola integración de elementos corais e electrónicos en moitas das súas bandas sonoras, e un frecuente uso de elementos musicais celtas. Compuxo a banda sonora do filme de 1997 Titanic que se converteu na banda sonora orquestral máis vendida de tódolos tempos.[3][4]

Ademais, Horner compuxo para arredor de 100 filmes, colaborando frecuentemente con directores como James Cameron e Ron Howard. Outras bandas sonoras polas que é coñecido son Commando, Braveheart, Willow, Apollo 13, Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan, Cocoon, Legends of the Fall, Aliens, Glory, A máscara do Zorro, Field of Dreams, Enemy at the Gates, Casper, Troia, Bicentennial Man, The Rocketeer, A Beautiful Mind, Mighty Joe Young, The Perfect Storm, Avatar, e máis recentemente, The Amazing Spider-Man.

Horner gañou dous Premios Oscar, dous Globos de Ouro, tres Premios Satellite, tres Premios Saturn, e foi nomeado por tres Premios da British Academy Film. A principal influencia de Horner é Dimitri Shostakovich.

Ás 9:30 do 22 de xuño de 2015 a avioneta na que viaxaba el só, caeu e estrelouse na vila de Ventucopa, preto de Santa Bárbara, California. Faleceu no momento. Tiña 61 anos[5].


Bandas sonoras de James Horner[editar | editar a fonte]

1970[editar | editar a fonte]

1980[editar | editar a fonte]

Ano Título Director Estudio(s) Notas
1980 Humanoids from the Deep Barbara Peeters New World Pictures
Battle Beyond the Stars Jimmy T. Murakami New World Pictures Banda sonora reutilizada despois en producións de Roger Corman
1981 The Hand Oliver Stone Orion Pictures
Wolfen Michael Wadleigh Warner Bros. Remprazou a Craig Safan
Deadly Blessing Wes Craven United Artists
The Pursuit of D.B. Cooper Roger Spottiswoode Universal Pictures
1982 Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan Nicholas Meyer Paramount Pictures
48 Hrs. Walter Hill Paramount Pictures
1983 Something Wicked This Way Comes Jack Clayton Walt Disney Pictures Replaced Georges Delerue
Krull Peter Yates Columbia Pictures
Brainstorm Douglas Trumbull Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Testament Lynne Littman Paramount Pictures
The Dresser Peter Yates Columbia Pictures
Gorky Park Michael Apted Orion Pictures
Uncommon Valor Ted Kotcheff Paramount Pictures
1984 The Stone Boy Christopher Cain 20th Century Fox
Star Trek III: The Search for Spock Leonard Nimoy Paramount Pictures
1985 Heaven Help Us Michael Dinner TriStar Pictures
Cocoon Ron Howard 20th Century Fox
Volunteers Nicholas Meyer TriStar Pictures
The Journey of Natty Gann Jeremy Kagan Walt Disney Pictures Remprazou a Elmer Bernstein
Commando Mark L. Lester 20th Century Fox
1986 Off Beat Michael Dinner Touchstone Pictures
Alien James Cameron 20th Century Fox Oscar e nominación aos Globos de Ouro
Where the River Runs Black Christopher Cain Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
O nome da rosa Jean-Jacques Annaud 20th Century Fox
An American Tail Don Bluth Universal Pictures Nominación aos Oscar; tamén compuxo Somewhere Out There con Barry Mann e Cynthia Weil para Linda Ronstadt e James Ingram
1987 P.K. and the Kid[6] Lou Lombardo Sunn Classic Pictures
Project X Jonathan Kaplan 20th Century Fox
*batteries not included Matthew Robbins Universal Pictures
1988 Willow Ron Howard Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Red Heat Walter Hill TriStar Pictures
Vibes Ken Kwapis Columbia Pictures
The Land Before Time Don Bluth Universal Pictures tamén compuxo "If We Hold On Together" con Will Jennings para Diana Ross
Cocoon: The Return Daniel Petrie 20th Century Fox
1989 Field of Dreams Phil Alden Robinson Universal Pictures Nomeada aos Oscar
Honey, I Shrunk the Kids Joe Johnston Walt Disney Pictures
In Country Norman Jewison Warner Bros. Pictures
Dad Gary David Goldberg Universal Pictures
Glory Edward Zwick TriStar Pictures Nomeada aos Globos de Ouro

1990[editar | editar a fonte]

Ano Título Director Estudio(s) Notas
1990 I Love You to Death Lawrence Kasdan TriStar Pictures
Another 48 Hrs. Walter Hill Paramount Pictures
1991 Once Around Lasse Hallström Universal Pictures
My Heroes Have Always Been Cowboys Stuart Rosenberg The Samuel Goldwyn Company
Class Action Michael Apted 20th Century Fox
The Rocketeer Joe Johnston Walt Disney Pictures
An American Tail: Fievel Goes West Phil Nibbelink and Simon Wells Amblin Entertainment nomeada aos Globos de Ouro; tamén escribiu Dreams To Dream con Will Jennings
1992 Thunderheart Michael Apted TriStar Pictures
Sneakers Phil Alden Robinson Universal Studios
Unlawful Entry Jonathan Kaplan 20th Century Fox
Patriot Games Phillip Noyce Paramount Pictures
1993 Swing Kids Thomas Carter Hollywood Pictures
A Far Off Place Mikael Salomon Walt Disney Pictures
Jack the Bear Marshall Herskovitz 20th Century Fox
Once Upon a Forest Charles Grosvenor 20th Century Fox tamén escribiu "Once Upon A Time With Me" con Will Jennings
House of Cards Michael Lessac Miramax Films
Hocus Pocus Kenny Ortega Walt Disney Pictures Só escribiu "Sarah's Theme" con Brock Walsh; filme composto por John Debney
Searching for Bobby Fischer Steven Zaillian Paramount Pictures
The Man Without a Face Mel Gibson Warner Bros.
Bopha! Morgan Freeman Paramount Pictures
We're Back! A Dinosaur's Story Phil Nibbelink and Simon Wells Universal Pictures also wrote "Roll Back The Rock (To The Dawn Of Time)" with Thomas Dolby for Little Richard
The Pelican Brief Alan J. Pakula Warner Bros.
1994 Clear and Present Danger Phillip Noyce Paramount Pictures
O gardián das palabras Joe Johnston Turner Pictures tamén escribiu "Whatever You Imagine" con Barry Mann e Cynthia Weil para Wendy Moten
Legends of the Fall Edward Zwick TriStar Pictures nomeada aos Globos de Ouro
1995 Braveheart Mel Gibson Paramount Pictures Oscar, Globos de Ouro e nomeada aos BAFTA
Casper Brad Silberling Universal Pictures
Apollo 13 Ron Howard Universal Pictures nomeada aos Oscar
Jade William Friedkin Paramount Pictures
Jumanji Joe Johnston TriStar Pictures
Balto Simon Wells Amblin Entertainment taméne scribiu "Reach for the Light" con Barry Mann e Cynthia Weil para Steve Winwood
1996 The Spitfire Grill Lee David Zlotoff Columbia Pictures Remprazou Bennie Wallace
Ransom Ron Howard Touchstone Pictures Remprazou Howard Shore
1997 The Devil's Own Alan J. Pakula Columbia Pictures
Titanic James Cameron 20th Century Fox gañadora de Oscar, Globos de Ouro e Grammy, nomeada aos BAFTA; tamén escribiu "My Heart Will Go On" con Will Jennings para Celine Dion
1998 Deep Impact Mimi Leder Paramount Pictures
A máscara do Zorro Martin Campbell TriStar Pictures tamén escribiu "I Want To Spend My Lifetime Loving You" con Will Jennings para Tina Arena e Marc Anthony
Mighty Joe Young Ron Underwood Walt Disney Pictures
1999 Bicentennial Man Chris Columbus Touchstone Pictures tamén escribiu "Then You Look at Me" con Will Jennings para Celine Dion

2000[editar | editar a fonte]

Ano Título Director(s) Estudio(s) Notas
2000 The Perfect Storm Wolfgang Petersen Warner Bros. Pictures tamén escribiu "Yours Forever" con Will Jennings para John Cougar Mellencamp
How the Grinch Stole Christmas Ron Howard Universal Pictures
2001 Enemy at the Gates Jean-Jacques Annaud Paramount Pictures
Iris Richard Eyre Miramax Films
A Beautiful Mind Ron Howard Universal Pictures nomeada aos Globos de Ouro e Oscar
2002 Windtalkers John Woo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
The Four Feathers Shekhar Kapur Paramount Pictures
2003 Beyond Borders Martin Campbell Paramount Pictures
Radio Michael Tollin Columbia Pictures
The Missing Ron Howard Columbia Pictures
Casa de area e néboa Vadim Perelman DreamWorks Pictures Nomeada aos Oscar
2004 Bobby Jones: A Stroke of Genius Rowdy Herrington Film Foundry Releasing
Troia Wolfgang Petersen Warner Bros. Pictures Remprazou a Gabriel Yared
The Forgotten Joseph Ruben Columbia Pictures
2005 The Chumscrubber Arie Posin Go Fish Pictures
Flightplan Robert Schwentke Touchstone Pictures
The Legend of Zorro Martin Campbell Columbia Pictures
The New World Terrence Malick New Line Cinema
2006 All the King's Men Steven Zaillian Columbia Pictures
Apocalypto Mel Gibson Touchstone Pictures
2007 The Life Before Her Eyes Vadim Perelman Magnolia Pictures
2008 The Spiderwick Chronicles Mark Waters Paramount Pictures
The Boy in the Striped Pyjamas Mark Herman Miramax Films
2009 Avatar James Cameron 20th Century Fox nomeada aos Globos de Ouro, BAFTA e Oscar

2010[editar | editar a fonte]

Ano Títuo Director(s) Estudio(s) Notas
2010 The Karate Kid Harald Zwart Columbia Pictures
2011 Day of the Falcon Jean-Jacques Annaud Image Entertainment [7]
2012 Cristiada Dean Wright ARC Entertainment
The Amazing Spider-Man Marc Webb Columbia Pictures
2015 Wolf Totem Jean-Jacques Annaud
One Day in Auschwitz[8] Steve Purcell Documental
Living in the Age of Airplanes[9][10] Brian J. Terwilliger Documental
The 33 Patricia Riggen
Southpaw Antoine Fuqua The Weinstein Company

Notas[editar | editar a fonte]

  1. Clemmensen, Christian. «James Horner (1953-)». Filmtracks.com. Consultado o 21 May 2012. 
  2. Noticia da súa morte en El País
  3. USA Today coverage of Horner's work
  4. Clemmensen, Christian (18 November 1997, Revised 16 April 2012). «Titanic (James Horner)». Filmtracks.com. Consultado o 21 May 2012. 
  5. Noticia en El País
  6. «P.K. and the Kid (1987)». Films de France. Consultado o June 22, 2015. 
  7. – filmmusicreporter.com
  8. «One Day in Auschwitz». KWS Films. Consultado o June 22, 2015. 
  9. Thurber, Matt (10 April 2015). «Living in the Age of Airplanes». Aviation International News. Consultado o 15 April 2015. 
  10. "Living in the Age of Airplanes" website