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[[File:Trinity Detonation T&B.jpg|miniatura|300px|MushroomNube cloudde ofcogomelo ''Gadget''do over"Trebello" Trinity,segundos secondsdespois afterda detonationdetonación.]]
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'''Trinity''' foi o nome en código da primeira detonación dunha [[arma nuclear]] na historia, levada a cabo polo [[Exército dos Estados Unidos|Exército]] dos [[Estados Unidos]] ás 5:29 A.M. do 16 de xullo de [[1945]] como parte do [[Proxecto Manhattan]]. A proba realizouse no deserto [[Jornada del Muerto]] a uns 56 km ó sueste de [[Socorro, Novo México]], no que entón era o Campo de Tiro e Bombardeo da USAAF en Alamogordo. As únicas estruturas ali presentes orixinalmente eran a [[casa de campo McDonald]] e os seus edificios complementarios, que os científicos usaron como laboratorio para probar compoñentes de bombas. Na semana da proba houbo unhas 425 persoas presentes no lugar.
[[File:Trinity Detonation T&B.jpg|miniatura|300px|Mushroom cloud of ''Gadget'' over Trinity, seconds after detonation.]]
'''Trinity''' was the [[code name]] of the first detonation of a [[nuclear weapon]]. It was conducted by the [[United States Army]] at 5:29 a.m. on July 16, 1945, as part of the [[Manhattan Project]]. The test was conducted in the [[Jornada del Muerto]] desert about 35 miles (56 km) southeast of [[Socorro, New Mexico]], on what was then the USAAF Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range (now part of [[White Sands Missile Range]]). The only structures originally in the vicinity were the [[McDonald Ranch House]] and its ancillary buildings, which scientists used as a laboratory for testing bomb components. A base camp was constructed, and there were 425 people present on the weekend of the test.
 
TheO [[#Codenome name|codeen name]]código "Trinity" was assigned bydesignouno [[J. Robert Oppenheimer]], the director of thedo [[Laboratorio de Los Alamos Laboratory]], inspired byinspirado thena poetrypoesía ofde [[John Donne]]. TheA testbomba wasera ofun anartefacto [[Nuclearde weaponimplosión design|implosion-design]]de [[plutoniumplutonio]] device, informallyco nicknamedalcume informal "O Trebello" ({{lang-en|"The Gadget"}}), ofco themesmo samedeseño designque asa thebomba [[Fat Man]] bomb later [[atomicbombardeo bombingsatómico ofde Hiroshima ande Nagasaki|detonateddetonada oversobre Nagasaki]], Japan,o on9 Augustde 9,agosto de 1945. TheA complexitycomplexidade ofdeste thedeseño designrequiriu requiredun agran majoresforzo effortpor fromparte thedo persoal de Los Alamos Laboratory, ande concernsas aboutpreocupacións whethersobre ita wouldsúa workefectividade ledderon tolugar aá decisionrealización toda conduct the firstprimeria [[proba nuclear test]]. The test was, plannedplaneada ande directeddirixida bypor [[Kenneth Bainbridge]].
 
FearsPor ofmor ada preocupación dunha [[Fizzle (nuclear test)|fizzleefervescencia]] ledconstruiuse toun thecontedor constructionde ofaceiro adenominado steel"Jumbo" containmentpara vesselo calledplutonio Jumboque thatpermitiría coulda containsúa the plutoniumrecuperación, allowingaínda itque tonon bese recovered,utilizou butfinalmente. JumboO was7 notde used.maio Ade rehearsal1945 wasrealizouse heldun onensaio, Maydetonando 7,98 1945,toneladas inde whichexplosivos {{convert|108|ST|LTós t}}que ofse highlle explosiveengadiron spikedisótopos withradioactivos. radioactiveA isotopesdetonación weredo detonated."Trebello" Theliberou Gadget'sunha detonationenerxía releasedexplosiva theequivalente explosivea energyuns of22 aboutquilotóns {{convert|22|ktonTNT|lk=on}}de [[TNT]]. ObserversEntre os observadores da proba includedestiveron [[Vannevar Bush]], [[James Chadwick]], [[James Bryant Conant|James Conant]], [[Thomas Farrell (general)|Thomas Farrell]], [[Enrico Fermi]], [[Richard Feynman]], [[Leslie Groves]], Robert Oppenheimer, [[G. I. Taylor|Geoffrey Taylor]], ande [[Richard Tolman]].
 
TheO testsitio siteda wasproba declaredfoi adeclarado [[NationalFito HistoricHistórico LandmarkNacional]] districten in1965 1965,e andengadiuse listedá onlista thedo [[National Register of Historic Places]] theó followingano yearseguinte.
 
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