National Basketball League

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National Basketball League (NBL)
Colored basketball.png
Fundación 1937
Fin 1949
Rexión Flag of the United States.svg Estados Unidos
Equipos 38
Último campión Anderson Packers (1 título)
Máis laureado Akron Firestone Non-Skids
Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
Oshkosh All-Stars
(2 títulos)

A National Basketball League (NBL), foi unha liga profesional de baloncesto masculino creada en 1937 nos Estados Unidos. En 1949, fusionouse coa Basketball Association of America (BAA) para formar a National Basketball Association (NBA).

Historia[editar | editar a fonte]

A NBL comezou con 30 equipos independentes en 1937. A liga comezou coma Midwest Basketball Conference en 1935, pero cambiou o seu nome en 1937 nun intento de atraer máis público. Foi creada por tres corporacións: General Electric, Firestone e Goodyear. A NBL durou doce anos antes de fusionarse coa Basketball Association of America en 1949, dando coma resultado a National Basketball Association.

A liga comezou de maneira informal. Cada equipo xogaba dez partidos, dos cales catro eran xogados fóra da casa. Os partidos podían consistir en catro cuartos de dez minutos ou en tres períodos de quince minutos. A elección a tiña o equipo que xogaba na casa. Algúns dos equipos eran independentes, mentres que outros estaban dirixidos por compañías que tamén lles daban traballo ós xogadores.

A historia da NBL divídese en tres etapas, que contribuíron significativamente ó crecemento do baloncesto profesional e da NBA. A primeira dinastía foi dos Oshkosh All-Stars. A segunda etapa viu o crecemento dos Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons, quenes foron un equipo clave para a supervivencia da NBA nos seus primeiros anos. O período final céntrase ó redor da figura de George Mikan e na importancia dos homes altos no baloncesto.[1]

Equipos[editar | editar a fonte]

Nota: * denota un equipo que xoga actualmente na NBA.

Líderes de anotación[editar | editar a fonte]

* Elixido no Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
George Mikan (#99) ten maior media de anotación (19.85) da historia da NBL.
Posición Xogador Equipo(s) Partidos Puntos Pts. por partido
1
McDermott, BobbyBobby McDermott* Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons, Chicago American Gears, Sheboygan Redskins, Tri-Cities Blackhawks 287 3,583 12.48
2
Edwards, LeroyLeroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars, Indianapolis Kautskys 322 3,221 10.00
3
Englund, GeneGene Englund Oshkosh All-Stars 238 2,600 10.92
4
Dancker, EdEd Dancker Sheboygan Redskins, Oshkosh All-Stars 321 2,490 7.76
5
Cervi, AlAl Cervi* Buffalo Bisons, Richmond King Clothiers, Syracuse Nationals 187 2,326 12.44
6
Otten, DonDon Otten Buffalo Bisons, Tri-Cities Blackhawks 168 2,292 13.64
7
Novak, MichaelMichael Novak Chicago American Gears, Sheboygan Redskins, Syracuse Nationals 267 2,279 8.54
8
Carpenter, BobBob Carpenter Oshkosh All-Stars, Hammond Ciesar All-Americans 209 2,140 10.24
9
Glamack, GeorgeGeorge Glamack Akron Goodyear Wingfoots, Rochester Royals, Indianapolis Kautskys, Hammond Calumet Buccaneers 202 2,138 10.58
10
Pelkington, JakeJake Pelkington Akron Goodyear Wingfoots, Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons 226 1,949 8.62
11
Shipp, CharlesCharles Shipp Akron Firestone Non-Skids, Oshkosh All-Stars, Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons, Waterloo Hawks 376 1,935 5.15
12
Patrick, StanleyStanley Patrick Chicago ?, Midland Dow A.C.'s, Hammond Calumet Buccaneers 212 1,765 8.33
13
Mikan, GeorgeGeorge Mikan* Chicago American Gears, Minneapolis Lakers 81 1,608 19.85
14
Risen, ArnieArnie Risen* Indianapolis Kautskys, Rochester Royals, Toledo Jeeps 123 1,606 13.06
15
Schultz, HowieHowie Schultz Anderson Packers 165 1,600 9.70

Campionatos[editar | editar a fonte]

Ano Gañador Perdedor das Finais Resultado
1937–38 Akron Goodyear Wingfoots Oshkosh All-Stars 2–1
1938–39 Akron Firestone Non-Skids Oshkosh All-Stars 3–2
1939–40 Akron Firestone Non-Skids Oshkosh All-Stars 3–2
1940–41 Oshkosh All-Stars Sheboygan Red Skins 3–0
1941–42 Oshkosh All-Stars Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons 2–1
1942–43 Sheboygan Red Skins Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons 2–1
1943–44 Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Sheboygan Red Skins 3–0
1944–45 Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons Sheboygan Red Skins 3–2
1945–46 Rochester Royals Sheboygan Red Skins 3–0
1946–47 Chicago American Gears Rochester Royals 3–2
1947–48 Minneapolis Lakers Rochester Royals 3–1
1948–49 Anderson Packers Oshkosh All-Stars 3–0

Líderes da tempada e galardóns[editar | editar a fonte]

Fonte[2]

* Elexido no Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame

Líder de anotación[editar | editar a fonte]

Tempada Xogador Equipo(s) Puntos Pts. por partido
1937–38
Edwards, LeroyLeroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars 210 16.2
1938–39
Edwards, LeroyLeroy Edwards (2) Oshkosh All-Stars 334 11.9
1939–40
Edwards, LeroyLeroy Edwards (3) Oshkosh All-Stars 361 12.9
1940–41
Stephens, BenBen Stephens Akron Goodyear Wingfoots 265 11.0
1941–42
Chuckovits, ChuckChuck Chuckovits Toledo Jim White Chevrolets 406 18.5
1942–43
McDermott, BobbyBobby McDermott* Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons 316 13.7
1943–44
Riebe, MelMel Riebe Cleveland Chase Brassmen 323 17.9
1944–45
Riebe, MelMel Riebe (2) Cleveland Allmen Transfers 607 20.2
1945–46
Carpenter, BobBob Carpenter Oshkosh All-Stars 473 13.9
1946–47
Cervi, AlAl Cervi* Rochester Royals 632 16.5
1946–47
Mikan, GeorgeGeorge Mikan* Chicago American Gears 632 16.5
1947–48
Mikan, GeorgeGeorge Mikan* (2) Minneapolis Lakers 1195 21.3
1948–49
Otten, DonDon Otten Tri-Cities Blackhawks 899 14.0

MVP[editar | editar a fonte]

Tempada MVP Equipo
1937–38
Edwards, LeroyLeroy Edwards Oshkosh All-Stars
1938–39
Edwards, LeroyLeroy Edwards (2) Oshkosh All-Stars
1939–40
Edwards, LeroyLeroy Edwards (3) Oshkosh All-Stars
1940–41
Stephens, BenBen Stephens Akron Goodyear Wingfoots
1941–42
Chuckovits, ChuckChuck Chuckovits Toledo Jim White Chevrolets
1942–43
McDermott, BobbyBobby McDermott* Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
1943–44
McDermott, BobbyBobby McDermott* (2) Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
1944–45
McDermott, BobbyBobby McDermott* (3) Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
1945–46
McDermott, BobbyBobby McDermott* (4) Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
1946–47
Davies, BobBob Davies* Rochester Royals
1947–48
Mikan, GeorgeGeorge Mikan* Minneapolis Lakers
1948–49
Otten, DonDon Otten Tri-Cities Blackhawks

Adestrador do Ano[editar | editar a fonte]

Tempada Adestrador Equipo
1937–38
Byers, CliffCliff Byers Akron Goodyear Wingfoots
1938–39
Sheeks, PaulPaul Sheeks Akron Firestone Non-Skids
1939–40
Sheeks, PaulPaul Sheeks (2) Akron Firestone Non-Skids
1940–41
Hotchkiss, GeorgeGeorge Hotchkiss Oshkosh All-Stars
1941–42
Darling, LonLon Darling Oshkosh All-Stars
1942–43
Roth, CarlCarl Roth Sheboygan Red Skins
1943–44
McDermott, BobbyBobby McDermott* Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
1944–45
McDermott, BobbyBobby McDermott* (2) Fort Wayne Zollner Pistons
1945–46
Harrison, LesterLester Harrison* Rochester Royals
1946–47
Darling, LonLon Darling Oshkosh All-Stars
1947–48
Mendenhall, MurrayMurray Mendenhall Anderson Duffey Packers
1948–49
Cervi, AlAl Cervi* Syracuse Nationals

Rookie do Ano[editar | editar a fonte]

Tempada Rookie Equipo
1937–38
Kessler, BobBob Kessler Indianapolis Kautskys
1938–39
Young, JewellJewell Young Indianapolis Kautskys
1939–40
Stephens, BenBen Stephens Akron Goodyear Wingfoots
1940–41
Sadowski, EdEd Sadowski Indianapolis Kautskys
1941–42
Glamack, GeorgeGeorge Glamack Akron Goodyear Wingfoots
1942–43
Buehler, KenKen Buehler Sheboygan Red Skins
1943–44
Riebe, MelMel Riebe Cleveland Chase Brassmen
1944–45
Holzman, RedRed Holzman Rochester Royals
1945–46
Mikan, GeorgeGeorge Mikan* Minneapolis Lakers
1946–47
Lewis, FredFred Lewis Sheboygan Red Skins
1947–48
Todorovich, MikeMike Todorovich Sheboygan Red Skins
1948–49
Schayes, DolphDolph Schayes* Syracuse Nationals

Referencias[editar | editar a fonte]

  1. "Hoopedia by the NBA"
  2. Dimitry, Steve (1998). "Steve Dimitry's NBL Website". Arquivado do orixinal o 18 de agosto de 2005. http://web.archive.org/web/20050818001517/http://www.geocities.com/Colosseum/Arena/6925/nbl.html. Consultado o 16 de outubro de 2010. 

Véxase tamén[editar | editar a fonte]

Ligazóns externas[editar | editar a fonte]