Rumi

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Rumi
Mevlana Statue, Buca.jpg
Estatua de Rumi en Buca, Esmirna, Turquía.
Datos persoais
Nacemento 1207
Lugar Vakhsh[1] ou Balkh, Imperio Corasmio
Falecemento 17 de decembro de 1273 (65-66 anos)
Lugar Konya Sultanato do Rum
Relixión islam
Actividade
Lingua Poesía
Período Idade de Ouro do islam
Xéneros Poesía

Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (en persa: جلال‌الدین محمد رومی), tamén coñecido como Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī (en persa: جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى), Mawlānā/Mevlânâ (en persa: مولانا, "o noso mestre"), Mevlevî/Mawlawī (en persa: مولوی, "o meu mestre"), e máis popularmente coñecido como Rumi, nado en 1207 e finado o 17 de decembro de 1273, foi un poeta, xurista, mestre islámico, teólogo e místico sufí[2] persa[3][4] do século XIII. A influencia de Rumi transcendeu as fronteiras e as diferenzas étnicas: persas, taxicos, turcos, gregos capadocios, pashtuns, outros musulmáns de Asia central e os musulmáns de Asia Meridional apreciaron durante séculos o seu legado espiritual.[5] Os seus poemas foron traducidos a moitas linguas do mundo e traspostos en varios formatos. Rumi ten sido descrito como o "máis popular poeta"[6] e o "poeta que mellor vende" nos Estados Unidos.[7][8]

Notas[editar | editar a fonte]

  1. William Harmless, Mystics, (Oxford University Press, 2008), 167.
  2. Annemarie Schimmel, "The Mystery of Numbers",Oxford University Press, Apr 7, 1994. p. 51: "These examples are taken from the Persian mystic Rumi's work, not from Chinese, but they express the yang-yin[sic] relationship with perfect lucidity."
  3. Ritter, H.; Bausani, A. "ḎJ̲alāl al-Dīn Rūmī b. Bahāʾ al-Dīn Sulṭān al-ʿulamāʾ Walad b. Ḥusayn b. Aḥmad Ḵh̲aṭībī." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill, 2007. Brill Online. Excerpt: "known by the sobriquet Mewlānā, persian poet and founder of the Mewlewiyya order of dervishes"
  4. Franklin D. Lewis, "Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The life, Teaching and poetry of Jalal Al-Din Rumi", Oneworld Publication Limited, 2008 p. 9: "How is that a Pesian boy born almost eight hundred years ago in Khorasan, the northeastern province of greater Iran, in a region that we identify today as n Asia, but was considered in those days as part of the greater Persian cultural sphere, wound up in central Anatolia on the receding edge of the Byzantine cultural sphere"
  5. Seyyed Hossein Nasr, "Islamic Art and Spirituality", Suny Press, 1987. p. 115: "Jalal al-Din was born in a major center of Persian culture, Balkh, from Persian speaking parents, and is the product of that Islamic Persian culture which in the 7th/13th century dominated the 'whole of the eastern lands of Islam and to which present day Persians as well as Turks, Afghans, Central Asian Muslims and the Muslims of the Indo-Pakistani subcontinent are heir. It is precisely in this world that the sun of his spiritual legacy has shone most brillianty during the past seven centuries. The father of Jalal al-Din, Muhammad ibn Husayn Khatibi, known as Baha al-Din Walad and entitled Sultan al-'ulama', was an outstanding Sufi in Balkh connected to the spiritual lineage of Najm al-Din Kubra."
  6. Charles Haviland (30 de setembro de 2007). BBC News, ed. "The roar of Rumi—800 years on". Consultado o 30 de setembro de 2007. 
  7. Ciabattari, Jane (21 de outubro de 2014). "Why is Rumi the best-selling poet in the US?". Consultado o 22 de agosto de 2016. 
  8. Tompkins, Ptolemy (29 de outubro de 2002). "Rumi Rules!". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Consultado o 22 de agosto de 2016.