Matthew Arnold

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Matthew Arnold

Matthew Arnold, nado en Laleham, Middlesex, en 1822 e finado en Liverpool en 1888, foi un poeta e crítico inglés.

Traxectoria[editar | editar a fonte]

Mathhew Arnold traballou como inspector de escolas de 1851 a 1883 e estudou os problemas do ensino. De 1857 a 1867 ocupou a cátedra de poesía en Oxford. Escribiu durante a época vitoriana e compartiu a reacción contra o materialismo da sociedade burguesa. Algúns consideran a súa poesía unha ponte entre o romanticismo e o modernismo: O seu uso de paisaxes simbólicas son típicas do romanticismo, mentres que a súa mirada negativa cara todo é máis típica do modernismo, así como a tendencia racionalista. A súa poesía é de ton elexíaco, en contrastre cos seus intentos de representación crítica. Nos ensaios afirmou os valores éticos da literatura e os estéticos da relixión.

Obras[editar | editar a fonte]

Poesía[editar | editar a fonte]

  • Alaric at Rome: A Prize Poem (1840)
  • Cromwell: A Prize Poem (1843)
  • The Strayed Reveller and Other Poems (1849)
  • Empedocles on Etna and Other Poems (1852, 1900)
  • Poems: A New Edition (1853)
  • Poems: Second Series (1855)
  • Merope: A Tragedy (1858)
  • New Poems (1867)
  • A Matthew Arnold Birthday Book (1883)

Ensaio e prosa[editar | editar a fonte]

  • England and the Italian Question (1859)
  • The Popular Education of France, with Notices of That of Holland and Switzerland (1861)
  • On Translating Homer: Three Lectures Given at Oxford (1861)
  • On Translating Homer: Last Words: A Lecture Given at Oxford (1862)
  • Heinrich Heine (1863)
  • A French Eton; or, Middle Class Education and the State (1864)
  • Essays in Criticism (1865)
  • Schools and Universities on the Continent (1867)
  • On the Modern Element in Literature (1869)
  • Culture and Anarchy: An Essay in Political and Social Criticism (1869)
  • A Bible-Reading for Schools: The Great Prophecy of Israel's Restoration (1872)
  • Literature and Dogma: An Essay towards a Better Apprehension of the Bible (1873)
  • Higher Schools and Universities in Germany (1874)
  • God and the Bible: A Review of Objections to "Literature and Dogma" (1875)
  • Isaiah XLLXVI; with the Shorter Prophecies Allied to It (1875)
  • Last Essays on Church and Religion (1877)
  • The Six Chief Lives from Johnson's "Lives of the Poets," with Macaulay's "Life of Johnson," (1878)
  • Mixed Essays (1879)
  • The Hundred Greatest Men: Portraits of the One Hundred Greatest Men of History (1879)
  • Poems of Wordsworth (1879)
  • The Study of Poetry (1880)
  • Letters, Speeches and Tracts on Irish Affairs by Edmund Burke (1881)
  • Poetry of Byron (Herausgeber, 1881)
  • Irish Essays, and Others (1882)
  • Culture and Anarchy (1883)
  • Discourses in America (1885)