George L. Trager

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George Leonard Trager, nado en Newark, Nova Jersey o 22 de marzo de 1906 e morto o 31 de agosto de 1992 en Pasadena, California, foi un lingüista americano, que chegou a ser presidente da Linguistic Society of America en 1960.

Traxectoria[editar | editar a fonte]

Durante os seus anos na Universidade de Yale durante dúas décadas (1930-1950 aproximadamente) mantivo unha estreita colaboración con outros lingüistas de prestixio como Edward Sapir, Morris Swadesh, Benjamin Lee Whorf, Charles Hockett, e desde 1941, Leonard Bloomfield.

Desde 1937, colaborou con Benjamin Whorf en estudos historico-comparados das linguas azteco-tanoanas, pero o traballo que tiñan planeado viuse interrompido pola morte de Whorf en 1941.

Escribiu as esntradas sobre lingua e lingüística para a 14ª edición da Encyclopædia Britannica. Como Sapir e Swadesh, foi consultante da International Auxiliary Language Association, que presentaron Interlingua en 1951.[1]

Notas[editar | editar a fonte]

  1. Esterhill, Frank, Interlingua Institute: A History, New York: Interlingua Institute, 2000.

Véxase tamén[editar | editar a fonte]

Bibliografía[editar | editar a fonte]

  • Bloch, Bernard; & Trager, George L. (1942). Outline of linguistic analysis. Special publications of the Linguistic Society of America. Baltimore: Linguistic Society of America.
  • Correction: George Leonard Trager. (1994). Language, 70 (4), 868.
  • Hockett, Charles F. (1993). George Leonard Trager. Language, 69 (4), 778–788.
  • Smith, M. Estellie (Ed.). (1972). Studies in linguistics in honor of George L. Trager. The Hague: Mouton.
  • Sturtevant, E. H.; & Trager, George L. (1942). Hittite u before vowels. Language, 18 (4), 259–270.
  • Sturtevant, E. H.; & Trager, George L. (1943). Hittite i before vowels. Language, 19 (3), 209–220.
  • Trager, Felicia H. (1971). An annotated bibliography of the publications and writings of George L. Trager through 1970. Studies in Linguistics occasional papers (No. 12).
  • Trager, George L. (1930). The pronunciation of "short a" in American Standard English. American Speech 5:396–400.
  • Trager, George L. (1933). The Old Church Slavonic Kiev fragment its accents and their relation to modern Slavonic accentuation. Language monograph (No. 13). Language, 9 (1), 4–28.
  • Trager, George L. (1934). What conditions limit variants of a phoneme? American Speech, 9, 313–15.
  • Trager, George L. (1934). The phonemes of Russian. Language, 10 (4), 334–344.
  • Trager, George L. (1935). Some Spanish place names of Colorado. American Speech, 10 (3), 203–207.
  • Trager, George L. (1936). The language of the pueblo of Taos. Maître Phonétique, 56, 59–62.
  • Trager, George L. (1938). "Cottonwood-tree", a south-western linguistic trait. International Journal of American Linguistics, 9 (2/4), 117–118.
  • Trager, George L. (1939). The days of the week in the language of Taos Pueblo, New Mexico. Language, 15, 51–55.
  • Trager, George L. (1940). Appendix. In E. C. Parsons, Taos Tales. New York.
  • Trager, George L. (1940). One phonemic entity becomes two: The case of "short a. American Speech, 15, 255–58.
  • Trager, George L. (1940). Serbo-Croatian accents and quantities. Language, 16 (1), 29–32.
  • Trager, George L. (1940). The Russian gender categories. Language, 16 (4), 300–307.
  • Trager, George L. (1941). ə ˈnəwt on æ ənd æ̝ˑ in əˈmerikən ˈiŋɡliʃ. Maître Phonétique, 17–19.
  • Trager, George L. (1941). Auxiliary verbs in Russian. Language, 17 (2), 151–152.
  • Trager, George L. (1942). The phoneme 'T': A study in theory and method. American Speech, 17 (3), 144–148.
  • Trager, George L. (1942). The historical phonology of the Tiwa languages. Studies in Linguistics, 1 (5), 1–10.
  • Trager, George L. (1942). The phonemic treatment of semivowels. Language, 18 (3), 220–223.
  • Trager, George L. (1942). Introduction to Russian, a course for college students. New Haven: Yale University, Department of Oriental Studies.
  • Trager, George L. (1943). The kinship and status terms of the Tiwa languages. American Anthropologist, 45 (1), 557–571.
  • Trager, George L. (1944). Spanish and English loanwords in Taos. International Journal of American Linguistics, 10 (4), 144–158.
  • Trager, George L. (1944). The verb morphology of spoken French. Language, 20 (3), 131–141.
  • Trager, George L. (1945). Analysis of a Kechuan text. International Journal of American Linguistics, 11 (2), 86–96.
  • Trager, George L. (1946). An outline of Taos grammar. In C. Osgood (Ed.), Linguistic structures in North America (pp. 184–221). New York: Wenner-Green Foundation for Anthropological Research.
  • Trager, George L. (1946). Changes of emphasis in linguistics: A comment. Studies in Philology, 43, 461–464.
  • Trager, George L. (1948). The Indian languages of Brazil. International Journal of American Linguistics, 14 (1), 43–48.
  • Trager, George L. (1948). A status symbol and personality at Taos Pueblo. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 4 (3), 299–304.
  • Trager, George L. (1948). Taos I: A language revisited. International Journal of American Linguistics, 14 (3), 155–160.
  • Trager, George L. (1949). The field of linguistics. Studies in Linguistics occasional papers (No. 1).
  • Trager, George L. (1951). Linguistic history and ethnologic history in the Southwest. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science, 41, 341–343.
  • Trager, George L. (1951). Linguistics. Science, 114 (2967), 3a.
  • Trager, George L. (1951). Linguistic history and ethnologic history in the Southwest. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science, 41, 341–343.
  • Trager, George L. (1953). Russian declensional morphemes. Language, 29 (3), 326–338.
  • Trager, George L. (1954). Taos II: Pronominal reference. International Journal of American Linguistics, 20 (3), 173–180.
  • Trager, George L. (1955). The language of America. American Anthropologist, 57 (6), 1182–1193.
  • Trager, George L. (1955). French morphology: Verb inflection. Language, 31 (4), 511–529.
  • Trager, George L. (1958). French morphology: Personal Ppronouns and the 'definite article'. Language, 34 (2), 225–231.
  • Trager, George L. (1958). Paralanguage: A first approximation. Studies in Linguistics, 13, 1–12.
  • Trager, George L. (1960). Taos III: Paralanguage. Anthropological Linguistics, 2 (2), 24–30.
  • Trager, George L. (1960). The name of Taos, New Mexico. Anthropological Linguistics, 2 (3), 5–6.
  • Trager, George L. (1961). Taos IV: Morphemics, syntax, semology in nouns and in pronominal reference. International Journal of American Linguistics, 27 (3), 211–222.
  • Trager, George L. (1961). The typology of paralanguage. Anthropological Linguistics, 3 (1), 17–21.
  • Trager, George L. (1962). A scheme for the cultural analysis of sex. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 18 (2), 114–118.
  • Trager, George L. (1963). Linguistics is linguistics. Studies in Linguistics occasional papers (No. 8).
  • Trager, George L. (1965). A schematic outline for the processual analysis of culture. Buffalo, NY: SUNY at Buffalo.
  • Trager, George L. (1967). A componential morphemic analysis of English personal pronouns. Language, 43 (1), 372–378.
  • Trager, George L. (1967). The Tanoan settlement of the Rio Grande area: A possible chronology. In D. H. Hymes & W. E. Bittle (Eds.), Studies in southwestern ethnolinguistics: Meaning and history in the languages of the American Southwest (pp. 335–350). The Hague: Mouton.
  • Trager, George L. (1969). Taos and Picuris: How long separated?. International Journal of American Linguistics, 35 (2), 180–182.
  • Trager, George L. (1972). Language and languages. San Francisco: Chandler Publishing Company.
  • Trager, George L. (1975). Language nomenclature. Studies in Linguistics, 25, 1–8.
  • Trager, George L.; & Bloch, Bernard. (1941). The syllabic phonemes of English. Language, 17 (3), 223–246.
  • Trager, George L.; & Harben, Felicia E. (1958). North American Indian languages: Classification and maps. Studies in Linguistics occasional papers (No. 5). Buffalo, NY: University of Buffalo, Department of Anthropology and Linguistics.
  • Trager, George L.; & Mutziger, John G. (1947). The linguistic structure of Mongolian placenames. Journal of the American Oriental Society, 67 (3), 184–195.
  • Trager, George L.; & Rice, Frank A. (1954). The personal-pronoun system of Classical Arabic. Language, 30 (2), 224–229.
  • Trager, George L.; & Smith, Henry L. (1950). A chronology of Indo-Hittite. Studies in Linguistics, 80, 61–70.
  • Trager, George L.; & Smith, Henry L. (1951). An outline of English structure. Studies in Linguistics occasional papers (No. 3). Norman, OK: Battenberg Press.
  • Trager, George L.; & Smith, Henry L. (1953). The chronology of North European: A rejoinder. American Anthropologist, 55 (2), 295–299.
  • Trager, George L.; & Trager, Edith Crowell. (1959). Kiowa and Tanoan. American Anthropologist, 61 (6), 1078–1083.
  • Trager, George L.; & Valdez, Genevieve. (1937). English loans in Colorado Spanish. American Speech, 12 (1), 34–44.
  • Whorf, Benjamin L.; & Trager, George L. (1937). The relationship of Uto-Aztecan and Tanoan. American Anthropologist, 39, 609–624.
  • Trager, George L. (). Benjamin L. Whorf. International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences (Vol. 16, pp. 536–38).

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