Royal Mail Ship

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Royal Mail Ship (RMS: "Buque do Correo Real"), tamén denominado Royal Mail Steamship (ou Steamer), é un prefixo naval utilizado nos transatlánticos que transportan o correo da Royal Mail británica. Algúns barcos famosos con este acrónimo fueron o RMS Olympic, o RMS Titanic, e tamén o RMS Mauretania e mailo RMS Lusitania.

A denominación Royal Mail Ship empezou a ser usada en 1840,[1] e foi utilizada por un gran número de compañías, mais frecuentemente é asociada coa Cunard Line,[2][3] que fixo coa Royal Mail un gran contrato de transporte e usou o prefixo tradicional RMS en case todas as súas naves. Hoxe en día continúa usándoo no seu buque insignia, o RMS Queen Mary 2.

Listaxe de buques RMS[editar | editar a fonte]

Nome Liña Viaxe inaugural Retirada de servizo Destino
Queen Elizabeth 2 Cunard 1969 2008 Vendido a Dubai World
Queen Mary 2 Cunard 2004 En servizo
St Helena HM Government 1990 En servizo
Adriatic White Star 1907 1934 Desmantelado
Aquitania Cunard 1914 1950 Desmantelado
Arabia Peninsular and Oriental 1898 1916 Afundido
Alcantara Royal Mail Lines 1913 1916 Afundido en batalla como buque hospital
Alcantara Royal Mail Lines 1926 1958 Desmantelado
Andes Royal Mail Lines 1913 1929 Renomeado coma Atlantis
RMS Andes Royal Mail Lines 1939 1959 Desmantelado
Arlanza Royal Mail Lines 1912 1938 Desmantelado
Atlantic White Star 1871 1873 Afundido
Baltic White Star 1904 1933 Desmantelado
Berengaria Cunard 1913 1938 Desmantelado
Britannia Cunard 1840 1880 Afundido
Lucania Cunard 1893 1909 Desmantelado
Carpathia Cunard 1903 1918 Afundido por acción inimiga
Britannic White Star 1915 1916 Afundido por acción inimiga
Caronia Cunard White Star 1949 1974 Desmantelado
Celtic White Star 1901 1933 Desmantelado
Cedric White Star 1903 1932 Desmantelado
Dunottar Castle Union Castle 1890 1915 Afundido
Empress of China[4] Canadian Pacific 1891 1912 Desmantelado
Empress of India[4] Canadian Pacific 1891 1919 Desmantelado
Empress of Japan[4] Canadian Pacific 1891 1926[5] Desmantelado
Empress of Britain Canadian Pacific 1906 1930 Desmantelado
Empress of Ireland Canadian Pacific 1906 1914 Afundido por unha colisión; 1.000 mortos
Empress of Asia[6] Canadian Pacific 1913 1942[6] Afundido por acción inimiga
Empress of Russia[7] Canadian Pacific 1913 1945[7] Vendido coma ferralla
Empress of France Canadian Pacific 1914 1931 Desmantelado en 1934
Empress of India Canadian Pacific 1908 1928 Vendido coma ferralla en 1929
Empress of Australia[8] Canadian Pacific 1922 1952[9] Desmantelado
Empress of Scotland Canadian Pacific 1906 1930 Vendido coma ferralla en 1930
Empress of Canada Canadian Pacific 1922 1943[7] Afundido por un torpedo
Empress of Canada Canadian Pacific 1929 1953 Desmantelado
Empress of Japan Canadian Pacific 1930 1966 Incendiado e vendido coma ferralla
Empress of Britain Canadian Pacific 1931 1940[10] Afundido por un torpedo
Empress of Scotland Canadian Pacific 1930 1966 Incendiado e vendido coma ferralla
Empress of Australia Canadian Pacific 1953 1956 Vendido coma ferralla en 1962
Empress of Britain Canadian Pacific 1956 . Vendido coma ferralla en 2008
Empress of England[11] Canadian Pacific 1957 . Desmantelado
Empress of Canada[12] Canadian Pacific 1961 . Vendido coma ferralla en 2003
Etruria Cunard 1885 1909 Desmantelado
Homeric White Star 1922 1935 Desmantelado
Laconia Cunard 1922 1942 Afundido por acción inimiga
Laconia Cunard 1912 1917 Afundido por acción inimiga
Lusitania Cunard 1907 1915 Afundido por acción inimiga
Mauretania Cunard White Star 1939 1965 Desmantelado
Maloja Peninsular and Oriental 1923 1954 Desmantelado
Majestic White Star 1922 1940 Desmantelado
Medina Peninsular and Oriental 1911 1917 Afundido por acción inimiga
Mooltan Peninsular and Oriental 1923 1953 Desmantelado
Niagara Union Steamship 1912 1940 Afundido por acción inimiga
Oceanic White Star 1871 1896 Desmantelado
Queen Elizabeth Cunard White Star 1940 1968 Incendiado e afundido
Royal Adelaide City of Dublin Steam Packet 1838 1849 Afundido
Georgic White Star 1933 1954 Desmantelado
Olympic White Star 1911 1935 Desmantelado
Mauretania Cunard 1907 1935 Desmantelado
Queen Mary Cunard White Star 1936 1967 Retirado
Umbria Cunard 1884 1910 Desmantelado
Scythia Cunard 1921 1958 Desmantelado
Titanic White Star 1912 1912 Afundido pola acción dun iceberg
Tayleur White Star (non OSNC) 1853 1853
Windsor Castle Union-Castle 1960 1998 Desmantelado
Viceroy of India Peninsular and Oriental 1927 1942 Afundido por acción inimiga
Oceanic White Star 1899 1914 Desmantelado
Snaefell Isle of Man Steam Packet 1910 1918 Afundido por acción inimiga
Mona's Queen Isle of Man Steam Packet 1934 ? ?
King Orry Isle of Man Steam Packet 1911 ? ?
Lady of Mann Isle of Man Steam Packet 1930 ? ?
Ben My Chree Isle of Man Steam Packet 1927 ? ?
Peel Castle Isle of Man Steam Packet 1894 ? ?
Fenella Isle of Man Steam Packet 1937 ? ?
Tynwald Isle of Man Steam Packet 1937 ? ?
Segwun Muskoka Steamships 1887 Restaurado e retorno ao servizo
Trent Royal Mail Steam Packet 1841 1865 Desmantelado
Leinster City of Dublin Steam Packet 1896 1918 Afundido por acción inimiga; 517 desaparecidos
Servia Cunard 1881 1901 Desmantelado

Notas[editar | editar a fonte]

  1. A primeira mención en The Times é do 18 de agosto de 1840.
  2. Royal Mails employees Courier newspaper, agosto de 2007, páxina 20.
  3. Maxtone-Graham, John et al. (2004). Queen Mary 2, p. 184.
  4. 4,0 4,1 4,2 Kennedy, p. 150.
  5. Kirsten Weisenburger, Kirsten and Marc Dinsdale. "First Class Warrior Empress," Arquivado 09 de xaneiro de 2009 en Wayback Machine. Pacific Rim Online Magazine (Vancouver, British Columbia). 1998.
  6. 6,0 6,1 "Empress of Asia Sunk Last Feb. 4; Canadian Pacific Liner Hit by Five Bombs in Flight From Singapore MOST OF TROOPS ESCAPED 16,909-Ton Ship Abandoned After Four-Day Fires Had Ruined Her Interior," New York Times. May 20, 1942.
  7. 7,0 7,1 7,2 "Pacific Air Routes Replace Ship Line; Canadian Company Abandons Pre-War Service of Fleet, Maps Overseas Flights," New York Times. April 10, 1949.
  8. By Wireless from R.M.S. Empress of Australia. "Royal Gifts Gladden 172 On Lonely Atlantic Island" (Tristan da Cunya)," New York Times. 24 March 1935; Robinson, Samuel. (1924). Official report of Capt. S. Robinson, R.N.R.,: Commander of the Canadian Pacific S.S. "Empress of Australia", on the Japanese earthquake, the fire and subsequent relief operations.
  9. 40-year-old Ship Makes Last Trip; Empress of Australia, Luxury Liner and Troop Carrier, on Way to Scrap Heap," New York Times. 1 de Mayo, 1952.
  10. "British Announce Empress Ship Loss; Admiralty Fixes Death Toll at 45 Out of 643 Aboard Canadian Pacific Liner TORPEDOES FINISH JOB U-Boat Overtakes Burning Ship in Tow and Completes Task Started by Bomber Ship Attacked Three Times Women and Children Calm," New York Times. 29 de Outubro, 1940.
  11. "Lady Eden to Launch Ship," New York Times. 5 de maio, 1956.
  12. "Transport News and Notes; Empress of France Will Be Retired," New York Times. 27 de Noviembre, 1960.