Kata (karate)

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Kata (en xaponés: ou , forma) é unha técnica de adestramento das artes marciais do Xapón, que consiste nunha secuencia ordenada de movementos, que son as técnicas e golpes de ataque e defensa que un loitador debe executar. O obxectivo desta forma de adestramento é proporcionar unha forma segura de adestrar nun ambiente de loita, simulada.[1]

Este modelo de adestramento e ensino das artes marciais eran o principal xeito utilizado nas escolas tradicionais xaponesas. En Okinawa, a introdución dos kata no karate foron parte do seu proceso histórico de creación. Dun lado, a influencia das artes marciais da China fíxose sentir na forma como os kata foron elaborados e adestrados, que é esencialmente a práctica solitaria. Á súa vez, a influencia nipoa eliminou dos kata as técnicas superfluas e tamén proporcionou o adestramento en pares e grupos.[2]

Cando o karate expandiuse alén dos límites de Okinawa, o adestramento dos kata era chamado de "danza da morte".[3]

Alén do adestramento físico, os kata posúen a finalidade de ensinar valores e conceptos da escola, é dicir, do estilo no cal é practicado.[4][5][6]

# Kata Creador Orixe
001 Annan Norisato Nakaima Ryuei-ryu
002 Annan ni Kenko Nakaima Ryuei-ryu
003 Anaku Shoshin Nagamine Matsubayashi-ryu
004 Ananko Chotoku Kyan Shorin-ryu
005 Ananku Shoshin Nagamine Matsubayashi-ryu
006 Ansan Shogo Kuniba Shito-ryu
007 Aoyanagi Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
008 Asato no bassai Anko Asato Passai
009 Bakki Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
010 Bassai dai Sokon Matsumura Shuri-te
011 Bassai sho Sokon Matsumura Shuri-te
012 Byakko Goju-ryu
013 Chatan Yara no kushanku Yara Guwa Kushanku
014 Chi no kata Kenwa Mabuni Fukyugata
015 Chibana no kusanku Choshin Chibana Kushanku
016 Chinte Kokan Oyadomari Tomari-te
017 Chinto Sokon Mataumura Shuri-te
018 Dai ichi ken Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
019 Dai ni ken Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
020 Dai san ken Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
021 Dai yon ken Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
022 Danenn sho Li Tsun I Hsing-I
023 Enpi Gichin Funakoshi Wanshu
024 Enpi kihon dosa Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
025 Enpi sho Robert Trias Enpi
026 Fudoken dai Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
027 Fudoken sho Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
028 Fukyugata ichi Shoshin Nagamine Matsubayashi-ryu
029 Fukyugata ni Chojun Miyagi Gekisai dai ichi
030 Gankaku Gichin Funakoshi Chinto
031 Gankaku sho Hirokazu Kanazawa Shotokan
032 Garyu Masutasu Oyama Kyokushin
033 Gekiha dai ichi Seikichi Toguchi Shoreikan
034 Gekiha dai ni Seikichi Toguchi Shoreikan
035 Gekisai dai ichi Chojun Miyagi Goju-ryu
036 Gekisai dai ni Chojun Miyagi Goju-ryu
037 Gekisai dai san Seikichi Toguchi Shoreikan
038 Genbu Goju-ryu
039 Gojushiho dai Gichin Funakoshi Useishi
040 Gojushiho sho Gichin Funakoshi Useishi
041 Gopei sho Li Tsun I Hsing-I
042 Gyaku zuki no kata Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
043 Hachimon Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
044 Haffa Wu Xianhui Bai he quan
045 Hakka Wu Xianhui Bai he quan
046 Hakkaishu Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
047 Hakkaku Wu Xianhui Bai he quan
048 Hakucho Wu Xianhui Bai he quan
049 Hakutsuru Wu Xianhui Bai he quan
050 Hangetsu Gichin Funakoshi Seisan
051 Happo sho Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
052 Hayabusa Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
053 Heian shodan Gichin Funakoshi Pinan shodan
054 Heian nidan Gichin Funakoshi Pinan nidan
055 Heian sandan Gichin Funakoshi Pinan sandan
056 Heian yondan Gichin Funakoshi Pinan yondan
057 Heian godan Gichin Funakoshi Pinan godan
058 Heiku Norisato Nakaima Ryuei-ryu
059 Hushu Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
060 Hyakuhachiho Hirokazu Kanazawa Suparinpei
061 Hyakuhappo Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
062 Ippyakureihachi Kanryo Higaonna Naha-te
063 Ishimine no bassai Bushi Ishimine Passai
064 Jiin Kosaku Matsumora Tomari-te
065 Jion Kosaku Matsumora Tomari-te
066 Jitte Kosaku Matsumora Tomari-te
067 Jo no kata Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
068 Joko issei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
069 Joko nissei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
070 Joko sansei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
071 Joko yonsei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
072 Joko gossei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
073 Junro shodan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
074 Junro nidan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
075 Junro sandan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
076 Junro yondan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
077 Junro godan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
078 Juroku Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
079 Jurokuppo Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
080 Kakyoku shodan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
081 Kakyoku nidan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
082 Kakyoku sandan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
083 Kanchi Norisato Nakaima Ryuei-ryu
084 Kanku dai Gichin Funakoshi Kushanku
085 Kanku sho Gichin Funakoshi Kushanku
086 Kanshiwa Kanei Uechi Uechi-ryu
087 Kanshu Kanei Uechi Uechi-ryu
088 Kashu Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
089 Kakuha dai ichi Seikichi Toguchi Shoreikan
090 Kakuha dai ni Seikichi Toguchi Shoreikan
091 Kaminari arashi Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
092 Kenpaku Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
093 Kensho Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
094 Kenshu Kenwa Sabuni Shito-ryu
095 Kibaken shodan Sadashige Kato Shotokan
096 Kibaken nidan Sadashige Kato Shotokan
097 Kibaken sandan Sadashige Kato Shotokan
098 Kibaken yondan Sadashige Kato Shotokan
099 Kibaken godan Sadashige Kato Shotokan
100 Kihoken issei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
101 Kihoken nissei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
102 Kihoken sansei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
103 Kihon dosa ichi Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
104 Kihon dosa ni Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
105 Kihon dosa san Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
106 Kihon dosa yon Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
107 Kihon kata ichi Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
108 Kihon kata ni Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
109 Kihon kata san Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
110 Kihon kata ichi Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
111 Kihon kata ni Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
112 Kihon kata san Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
113 Kihon kata yon Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
114 Kihon kata go Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
115 Kihon kata rokku Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
116 Kihon kata shichi Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
117 Kihon kata hachi Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
118 Kihon kata ku Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
119 Kihon kata ju Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
120 Kihon kata ju ichi Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
121 Kihon kata ju ni Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
122 Kosokun dai Kenwa Mabuni Kushanku
123 Kosokun sho Kenwa Mabuni Kushanku
124 Kyakusen shodan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
125 Kyakusen nidan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
126 Kyakusen sandan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
127 Kyakusen yondan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
128 Kyakusen godan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
129 Kururunfa Seisho Aragaki Naha-te
130 Kushanku Sokon Matsumura Shuri-te
131 Kyan Chotoku no chinto Chotoku Kyan Chinto
132 Kyan Chotoku no gojushiho Chotoku Kyan Useishi
133 Matsukaze Kenwa Mabuni Wankuan
134 Matsumura no bassai Sokon Matsumura Passai
135 Matsumura no rohai Sokon Matsumura Rohai
136 Matsumura no seisan Sokon Matsumura Seisan
137 Mawari no kata Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
138 Meikyo Gichin Funakoshi Rohai
139 Meikyo nidan Tetsuhiko Asai Rohai shodan
140 Meikyo sandan Tetsuhiko Asai Rohai sandan
141 Myojo Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
142 Motobu no sochin Choki Motobu Sochin
143 Naihanchi shodan Karyu Uku Tomari-te
144 Naihanchi nidan Karyu Uku Tomari-te
145 Naihanchi sandan Karyu Uku Tomari-te
146 Nanadan Li Tsun I Hsing-I
147 Nepai Wu Xianhui Bei he quan
148 Nijuhichiko Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
149 Nijuhachiho Hirokazu Kanazawa Nepai
150 Nijuhappo Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
151 Nijushiho Kenwa Mabuni Niseishi
152 Nipaipo Kenwa Mabuni Nepai
153 Niseishi Seisho Aragaki Naha-te
154 Ohan Norisato Nakaima Ryuei-ryu
155 Oshiro no seisan Toshihiro Oshiro Seisan
156 Oyadomari no bassai Kokan Oyadomari Passai
157 Pachu Norisato Nakaima Ryuei-ryu
158 Paiho Norisato Nakaima Ryuei-ryu
159 Paiku Norisato Nakaima Ryuei-ryu
160 Papuren Wu Xianhui Bai he quan
161 Passai Kishin Teruya Tomari-te
162 Pechurin Kanryo Hiagaonna Naha-te
163 Pinan shodan Anko Itosu Shuri-te
164 Pinan nidan Anko Itosu Shuri-te
165 Pinan sandan Anko Itosu Shuri-te
166 Pinan yondan Anko Itosu Shuri-te
167 Pinan godan Anko Itosu Shuri-te
168 Rantai Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
169 Rohai Kishin Teryua Tomari-te
170 Rohai dai Tsuyoshi Chitose Rohai
171 Rohai sho Tsuyoshi Chitose Rohai
172 Rohai shodan Anko Itosu Rohai
173 Rohai nidan Anko Itosu Rohai
174 Rohai sandan Anko Itosu Rohai
175 Rokkishu Kanryo Higaonna Naha-te
176 Rokudan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
177 Roshu Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
178 Ryubi Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
179 Ryuko Uechi-ryu
180 Ryusan Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
181 Saifa Kanryo Higaonna Naha-te
182 Sanchin Wai Xinxian Bai he quan
183 Sanseru Kanryo Higaoona Naha-te
184 Sarin dai Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
185 Sarin sho Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
186 Sanjuhappo Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
187 Seichin Seiki Itokazu Uechi-ryu
188 Seienchin Kanryo Higaonna Naha-te
189 Seiken no miga hidari Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
190 Seipai Wai Xinxian Bai he quan
191 Seirui Kanei Uechi Uechi-ryu
192 Seiryu (Meibukan) Goju-ryu
193 Seiryu (Shindo jinen ryu) Yasuhiro Konishi Shindo jinen ryu
194 Seiryu (Shotokan) Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
195 Seisan Seisho Aragaki Naha-te
196 Senka Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
197 Sensho Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
198 Shi ho wari Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
199 Shiho kosokun Kenwa Mabuni Kushanku
200 Shime no dosa Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
201 Shinpa Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
202 Shinsei ichi Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
203 Shinsei ni Kenwa Mabuni Shito-ryu
204 Shisei Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
205 Shisochin Kanryo Higaonna Naha-te
206 Shoto Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
207 Shinken Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
208 Shinobiyoru Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
209 Shotei dai Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
210 Shotei sho Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
211 Shorin dai Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
212 Shorin sho Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
213 Shujaku Goju-ryu
214 Sochin Seisho Aragaki Naha-te
215 Suishu Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
216 Suparinpei Chojun Miyagi Pechurin
217 Tai sabaki shodan Yasuhiro Konishi Shindo jinen ryu
218 Tai sabaki nidan Yasuhiro Konishi Shindo jinen ryu
219 Tai sabaki sandan Yasuhiro Konishi Shindo jinen ryu
220 Taikyoku shodan Gichin Funakoshi Shotokan
221 Taikyoku nidan Gichin Funakoshi Shotokan
222 Taikyoku sandan Gichin Funakoshi Shotokan
223 Tegatana Robert Trias Shuri-ryu
224 Tekken dai Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
225 Tekken sho Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
226 Tekki shodan Gichin Funakoshi Naihanchi shodan
227 Tekki nidan Gichin Funakoshi Naihanchi nidan
228 Tekki sandan Gichin Funakoshi Naihanchi sandan
229 Ten no kata Yoshitaka Funakoshi Shotokan
230 Tenchi Goju-ryu
231 Tenshin Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu
232 Tensho Chojun Miyagi Rokkishu
233 Tomari bassai Kokan Oyadomari Passai
234 Tomari chinto Kokan Oyadomai Chinto
235 Tomari rohai Kokan Oyadomari Rohai
236 Tomari wankan Kokan Oyadomari Wankuan
237 Tomari wanshu Kokan Oyadomari Wanshu
238 Tsue sho Robert Trias Shuri-ryu
239 Tsuki no kata Seigo Tada Seigokan
240 Tsungo shodan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
241 Tsungo nidan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
242 Tsungo sandan Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
243 Uke no kata Seigo Tada Seigokan
244 Unshu Seisho Aragaki Naha-te
245 Useishi Sokon Matsumura Shuri-te
246 Wanchin Zenryo Shimabukuro Seibukan
247 Wanduan Kosaku Matsumora Tomari-te
248 Wankan Yoshitaka Funakoshi Shotokan
249 Wankuan Kosaku Matsumora Tomari-te
250 Wanshu Kishin Teruya Tomari-te
251 Yokotawaru tatsu Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
252 Yorin dai Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
253 Yorin sho Tetsuhiko Asai Shotokan
254 Zenshin kotai Tsuyoshi Chitose Chito-ryu

Notas[editar | editar a fonte]

  1. Donohue, John (1999). Tuttle Publishing, ed. Complete Kendo (en inglés). North Clarendon. p. 110. 
  2. Lind, Werner (1998). Mediterranee, ed. Karate. I kata classici nell'insegnamento dei grandi maestri (en italiano). Roma. p. 179. 
  3. Nielsen, David (2008). Lulu, ed. Creating Kata (en inglés). p. 5. 
  4. "Historia de los katas Shotokan" (en castelán). Consultado o 20 de novembro de 2014. 
  5. Howard High. "Shindo Jinen Ryu" (en inglés). Consultado o 20 de novembro de 2014. 
  6. "空手道的演武型 ( 形、套拳、Kata )" (en chinés). Consultado o 7 de agosto de 2016. 

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