Diferenzas entre revisións de «Orangután de Tapanuli»

Saltar ata a navegación Saltar á procura
sen resumo de edición
}}
O '''orangután de Tapanuli''' (''Pongo tapanuliensis'') é unha especie de [[orangután]], nativo do sur de Tapanuli, na illa de [[Sumatra]], en [[Indonesia]].<ref name="curbio">{{Cite journal|last1=Nater|first1=Alexander|last2=Mattle-Greminger|first2=Maja P.|last3=Nurcahyo|first3=Anton|last4=Nowak|first4=Matthew G.|last5=de Manuel|first5=Marc|last6=Desai|first6=Tariq|last7=Groves|first7=Colin|last8=Pybus|first8=Marc|last9=Sonay|first9=Tugce Bilgin|display-authors=|date=2017-11-02|title=Morphometric, Behavioral, and Genomic Evidence for a New Orangutan Species|url=http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(17)31245-9|journal=[[Current Biology]]|volume=|pages=|doi=10.1016/j.cub.2017.09.047|via=|last10=Roos|first10=Christian|last11=Lameira|first11=Adriano R.|last12=Wich|first12=Serge A.|last13=Askew|first13=James|last14=Davila-Ross|first14=Marina|last15=Fredriksson|first15=Gabriella|last16=de Valles|first16=Guillem|last17=Casals|first17=Ferran|last18=Prado-Martinez|first18=Javier|last19=Goossens|first19=Benoit|last20=Verschoor|first20=Ernst J.|last21=Warren|first21=Kristin S.|last22=Singleton|first22=Ian|last23=Marques|first23=David A.|last24=Pamungkas|first24=Joko|last25=Perwitasari-Farajallah|first25=Dyah|last26=Rianti|first26=Puji|last27=Tuuga|first27=Augustine|last28=Gut|first28=Ivo G.|last29=Gut|first29=Marta|last30=Orozco-terWengel|first30=Pablo|last31=van Schaik|first31=Carel P.|last32=Bertranpetit|first32=Jaume|last33=Anisimova|first33=Maria|last34=Scally|first34=Aylwyn|last35=Marques-Bonet|first35=Tomas|last36=Meijaard|first36=Erik|last37=Krützen|first37=Michael}}</ref> É unha de tres especies coñecidas de orangután, xunto co [[orangután de Sumatra]] (''Pongo abelii''), que habita na parte noroeste da illa, e o [[orangután de Borneo]] (''Pongo pygmaeus''). Foi descrito como unha especie diferente no ano [[2017]] e é a primeira especie de [[homínido]] descrita dende o [[bonobo]] (''Pan paniscus'') en 1929.<ref name="Reese_A">{{Cite journal |last=Reese |first=April |date=2017-11-02 |title=Newly discovered orangutan species is also the most endangered |url=http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nature.2017.22934 |journal=[[Nature (journal)|Nature]] |access-date=2017-11-10|volume=|pages= |doi=10.1038/nature.2017.22934 |via=}}</ref>
 
== Descubrimento e nome ==
An isolated population of orangutans in the Batang Toru area of South Tapanuli was reported in 1939.<ref>{{cite book|title=Natuur in Zuid- en Oost- Borneo. Fauna, flora en natuurbescherming in de Zuider- en Ooster-Afdeeling van Borneo. In 3 Jaren Indisch Natuur Leven: Opstellen over Landschappen, Dieren en Planten, Tevens Elfde Verslag (1936-1938)|last=|first=|publisher=Nederlandsch-Indische Vereeniging tot Natuurbescherming|year=1939|isbn=|location=Batavia, Indonesia|pages=334–411|language=Dutch|trans-title=Nature in South and East Borneo. Fauna, flora and nature conservation in the southern and eastern part of Borneo. In 3 Years Dutch Indies Nature Life: Compilation on Landscapes, Animals and Plants, Eleven Reports (1936-1938)}}</ref> The population was rediscovered by an expedition to the area in 1997,<ref>{{cite web |first=Erik |last=Meijaard |title=A Sumatran Wonderland |url=http://jakartaglobe.id/opinion/erik-meijaard-sumatran-wonderland/ |website=JakartaGlobe |access-date=2017-11-11}}</ref> but it was not recognized as a distinct species then.<ref name="Gill_V">{{Cite news |url=http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-41848816 |title=New great ape species identified |last=Gill |first=Victoria |date=2017-11-02|work=[[BBC News]]|access-date=2017-11-03|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|language=en-GB}}</ref> ''Pongo tapanuliensis'' was identified as a distinct species, following a detailed [[Phylogenetic tree|phylogenetic]] study in 2017. The study analyzed the [[Genetics|genetic]] samples of 37 wild orangutans from populations across Sumatra and Borneo and conducted a [[Morphology (biology)|morphological]] analysis of the [[Skeleton|skeletons]] of 34 adult males.<ref name="curbio" /> The primary specimen of the study, and the [[holotype]] of the species, was the skeleton of an adult male from Batang Toru that died after being wounded by locals in November 2013.<ref name="curbio" /><ref name="Goldman">{{Cite news |url=https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2017/11/new-orangutan-species-sumatra-borneo-indonesia-animals/|title=New Species of Orangutan Is Rarest Great Ape on Earth |last=Goldman |first=Jason G. |date=2017-11-02|work=|access-date=2017-11-06|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|publisher=[[National Geographic Society]]}}</ref> The skull and [[Postcrania|postcranium]] of the specimen are stored in the [[Zoological Museum of Bogor]].<ref name="curbio" /> The [[skull]] and [[Tooth|teeth]] of the Batang Toru male differed significantly from those of the other two orangutan species.<ref name="Stokstad">{{Cite journal|last=Stokstad|first=Erik|date=2017-11-02|title=New great ape species found, sparking fears for its survival|url=http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/11/new-great-ape-species-found-sparking-fears-its-survival|journal=[[Science (journal)|Science]]|language=en|volume=|pages=|doi=10.1126/science.aar3900|via=}}</ref> The genetic study also indicated that the Batang Toru population should be considered a separate species, with the [[Genome|genomes]] of the two individuals from the population showing distinctive features.<ref name="curbio" />
 
The [[Specific name (zoology)|specific name]], ''tapanuliensis,'' as well as the [[common name]], Tapanuli orangutan, refer to Tapanuli, the area in [[North Sumatra]] where the species lives.<ref name="curbio" />
 
== Notas ==
229.678

edicións

Menú de navegación