Aeroporto Internacional de Pequín-Capital

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Aeroporto Internacional de Pequín-Capital
北京首都国际机场

BCIA Aerial.jpg

IATA: PEK – ICAO: ZBAA
Sumario
Tipo público
Operador Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited
Cidade/Illa Pequín
Elevación (msnm) 35 metros / 116 pés
Coordenadas 40°04′21″N 116°35′51″L / 40.07250, -116.59750
Web http://en.bcia.com.cn/
Pista(s)
Dirección Longo Superficie
metros pés
18L/36R 3 810 12 500 asfalto
18R/36L 3 445 11 302 asfalto
01/19 3 810 12 500 cemento
Estatísticas (2016)
Pasaxeiros 94 393 000
Movemento de avións 606 086

O Aeroporto Internacional de Pequín-Capital (IATA: PEK, ICAO: ZBAA) é o principal aeroporto internacional que serve a Pequín. Está situado a 32 km ao nordés do centro da cidade, nun enclave do distrito de Chaoyang rodeado polo distrito de Shunyi. O aeroporto pertence á Beijing Capital International Airport Company Limited, unha compañía controlada polo estado que tamén se encarga de operalo.

O aeroporto é o principal centro de conexións de Air China, a aeroliña nacional do país, que voa a uns 120 destinos (sen contar os de carga), dende Pequín. China Eastern Airlines, Hainan Airlines e China Southern Airlines tamén usan o aeroporto como centro de conexións.

Pequín-Capital inaugurou a súa Terminal 3 en 2008, xusto a tempo para os Xogos Olímpicos de 2008, converténdose na segunda terminal máis grande do mundo tras a terminal 3 do Aeroporto Internacional de Dubai e no sexto edificio máis grande en superficie. O Aeroporto Internacional de Pequín-Capital cobre unha área de 1 480 hectáreas de terra.

Pequín-Capital ascendeu rapidamente nos ránkings de aeroportos máis concorridos do mundo na pasada década. En 2009 converteuse no aeroporto con máis número de pasaxeiros e de movementos de avións de Asia. Ven sendo o segundo aeroporto máis concorrido do mundo en tráfico de pasaxeiros dende o ano 2010. En 2012 rexistrou 557 167 movementos de avións, chegando ao sexto posto mundial.[1] En termos de carga o aeroporto de Pequín-Capital tamén conseguiu un rápido crecemento. No ano 2012 converteuse no 13º máis concorrido do mundo en tráfico de mercadorías, rexistrando 1 787 027 toneladas.[1]

Aeroliñas e destinos[editar | editar a fonte]

Airbus A319 de Air China aterrando

Pasaxeiros[editar | editar a fonte]

Aeroliñas Destinos
Aeroflot Moscova-Sheremetyevo
Aeroflot
operado por Aurora
Vladivostok
Estacional: Khabarovsk
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur-Internacional
Air Algérie Alxer
Air Astana Almati, Astana
Air Canada Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver
Air China Aksu, Asahikawa, Astana,[2] Atenas, Auckland, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Barcelona, Bayannur, Beihai, Brisbane (comeza en decembro de 2017),[3] Budapest, Busan, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhou, Chaoyang, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chifeng, Chita,[4] Chongqing, Daegu, Dali, Dalian, Dandong, Daqing, Datong, Dazhou, Delhi, Dubai-Internacional, Dunhuang, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Fukuoka, Fuyang, Fuyuan, Fuzhou, Ganzhou, Xenebra, Guangyuan, Cantón, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hailar, Hakodate, Hami, Hangzhou, Harbin, A Habana, Hefei, Hiroshima, Cidade Ho Chi Minh, Hohhot, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Hotan, Houston-Intercontinental, Huangshan, Islamabad, Iacarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Jeju, Jiamusi, Jieyang, Jingdezhen, Jinggangshan, Jiuzhaigou, Xohanesburgo-O.R. Tambo, Karachi, Karamay, Kashgar, Korla, Kuala Lumpur-Internacional, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Liupanshui, Liuzhou, Londres-Heathrow, Os Ánxeles, Madrid, Manila, Melbourne, Mianyang, Milán-Malpensa, Minsk, Montreal-Trudeau, Moscova-Sheremetyevo, Mudanjiang, Bombai, Múnic, Nagoia-Centrair, Naha, Nanchang, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Nova York-JFK, Newark, Ningbo, Ordos, Osaca, París-Charles de Gaulle, Phuket, Qingdao, Qiqihar, Roma-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Sanya, São Paulo-Guarulhos, Sapporo-Chitose, Sendai, Seul-Gimpo, Seul-Incheon, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Singapur, Estocolmo-Arlanda, Sydney, Taipei-Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Taizhou, Toquio-Haneda, Toquio-Narita, Tonghua, Tongliao, Turpan, Ulán Bátor, Ulanhot, Urumqi, Vancouver, Viena, Varsovia-Chopin, Washington-Dulles, Weihai, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xilinhot, Xining, Yancheng, Yangon, Yangzhou, Yanji, Yantai, Yibin, Yichang, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Yuncheng, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi, Zúric[5]
Estacional: Pyongyang[6]
Air China
operado por Dalian Airlines
Dalian
Air France París-Charles de Gaulle
Air Koryo Pyongyang
Air Macau Macau
Air Mauritius Mauricio
Alitalia Roma-Fiumicino
All Nippon Airways Osaca, Toquio-Haneda, Toquio-Narita
American Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Os Ánxeles (comeza en novembro de 2017)[7]
Asiana Airlines Busan, Cheongju, Muan, Seul-Gimpo, Seul-Incheon
Austrian Airlines Viena
Azerbaijan Airlines Baku
Beijing Capital Airlines Baotou, Cheongju, Erenhot, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Jixi, Lijiang, Lisboa,[8] Macau,[9] Malé, Manzhouli, Sanya, Ürümqi, Xiamen, Yichang
British Airways Londres-Heathrow
Cambodia Angkor Air Siem Reap
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Manila
China Airlines Kaohsiung, Taipei-Taoyuan
China Eastern Airlines Asahikawa, Baoshan, Changzhou, Chifeng, Dali, Dalian, Delhi, Dacca, Dongying, Dunhuang, Enshi, Fukuoka, Cantón, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanzhong, Harbin, Hefei, Huai'an, Jeju, Jiagedaqi, Jiayuguan, Jining, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lianyungang, Lijiang, Lincang, Linyi, Luoyang, Lüliang, Luzhou, Mangshi, Nagoia-Centrair, Nanchang, Nanjing, Naypyidaw, Ningbo, Osaca, Pu'er, Qianjiang, Qingdao, Saipan, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Sydney, Taiyuan, Tengchong, Toquio-Narita, Vientiane, Wenzhou, Wuhan, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xining, Xishuangbanna, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhaotong
Estacional: Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Denpasar/Bali
Chárter: Da Nang, Krabi, Siem Reap
China Eastern Airlines
operado por Shanghai Airlines
Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Hangzhou, Shanghai-Hongqiao
China Southern Airlines Ámsterdam, Anshan, Beihai, Changchun, Changde, Changsha, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Daqing, Ganzhou, Cantón, Guilin, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Heihe, Cidade Ho Chi Minh, Hong Kong, Huaihua, Jieyang, Korla, Kunming, Mohe, Nanchong, Nanning, Sanya, Seul-Gimpo, Seul-Incheon, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Tashkent, Tbilisi, Teherán-Imán Khomeini, Tongren, Urumqi, Wuhan, Xi'an, Xining, Yanji, Yichun, Yinchuan, Yining, Yiwu, Zhangjiajie, Zhengzhou, Zhuhai, Zunyi
Chárter: Birmingham
China Southern Airlines
operado por Chongqing Airlines
Chongqing, Diqing
Delta Air Lines Detroit, Seattle/Tacoma
Donghai Airlines Lanzhou
EgyptAir O Cairo
El Al Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai-Internacional
Ethiopian Airlines Adís Abeba
Etihad Airways Abu Zabi, Nagoia-Centrair
EVA Air Taipei-Taoyuan
Fiji Airways Chárter estacional: Nadi[10]
Finnair Helsinqui
Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou
Garuda Indonesia Denpasar/Bali, Iacarta-Soekarno-Hatta
Grand China Air Guilin, Hailar, Harbin, Mudanjiang, Yinchuan
Hainan Airlines Almati, Anqing, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Belgrado,[11] Berlín-Tegel, Boston, Bruxelas, Calgary, Changchun, Changsha, Changzhi, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Dalian, Denpasar/Bali, Dongying, Fuzhou, Cantón, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Irkutsk, Jiamusi, Kunming, Lanzhou, Las Vegas, Manchester, Manzhouli, Moscova-Sheremetyevo, Nanchang, Nanning, Ningbo, Phuket, Praga, San Petersburgo, San Jose (CA), Sanya, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Taipei-Taoyuan, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Toquio-Haneda, Toronto-Pearson, Urumqi, Weifang, Wenzhou, Wuhai, Wuhan, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yan'an, Yichang, Yulin
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu
Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong
Iraqi Airways Bagdad, Basora
Japan Airlines Toquio-Haneda, Toquio-Narita
Jeju Air Daegu
Juneyao Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao
KLM Ámsterdam
Korean Air Busan, Jeju, Seul-Gimpo, Seul-Incheon
Loong Air Hangzhou
LOT Polish Airlines Varsovia-Chopin
Lucky Air Kunming, Mangshi, Tengchong
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Múnic
Mahan Air Teherán-Imán Khomeini
Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur-Internacional
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Ulán Bátor
Nok Air Phuket[12]
NordStar Airlines Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo
Pakistan International Airlines Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Toquio-Narita
Philippine Airlines Cebú,[13] Kalibo, Manila
Qantas Sydney
Qatar Airways Doha
Qingdao Airlines Qingdao
S7 Airlines Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk-Yemelyanovo, Novosibirsk, Ulan-Ude, Vladivostok
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhague
Shandong Airlines Chongqing, Fuzhou, Jinan, Qingdao, Rizhao, Weihai, Xiamen, Yancheng, Yantai, Yinchuan, Zhuhai
Shenzhen Airlines Nanning, Nantong, Osaca, Quanzhou, Shenzhen, Wuxi, Xi'an, Xiangyang, Yichun
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Harbin, Kunming, Panzhihua, Sanya, Urumqi, Wanzhou, Xichang, Zhongwei
Singapore Airlines Singapur
SriLankan Airlines Colombo
Swiss International Air Lines Zúric
TAAG Linhas Aéreas de Angola Luanda
Tajik Air Dushanbe
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Phuket
Tibet Airlines Lhasa
Turkmenistan Airlines Achkhabad
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil
United Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Newark, San Francisco, Washington-Dulles
Chárter estacional: Guam[14]
Ural Airlines Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Krabi,[15] San Petersburgo, Ekaterimburgo
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Vietnam Airlines Hanoi
Estacional: Nha Trang
XiamenAir Changsha, Fuzhou, Hangzhou, Quanzhou, Sanya, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Wuyishan, Xiamen, Zhoushan

Carga[editar | editar a fonte]

Aeroliñas Destinos
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscova-Sheremetyevo
Air China Cargo Anchorage, Atlanta, Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Os Ánxeles, París-Charles de Gaulle, Portland (OR), Seul-Gimpo, Seul-Incheon, Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong, Toquio-Haneda, Toquio-Narita, Taipei-Taoyuan, Nanjing
Air Koryo Pyongyang
Asiana Cargo Seul-Gimpo, Seul-Incheon
Cargolux Luxemburgo
China Airlines Cargo Taipei-Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai-Hongqiao, Shanghai-Pudong
DHL Aviation
operado por Air Hong Kong
Hong Kong
EVA Air Cargo Tapei-Taoyuan
SF Airlines Cantón, Hangzhou, Shanghai-Pudong, Wuxi, Shenzhen, Macau
China Postal Airlines Shanghai-Pudong, Shenzhen, Cantón, Hangzhou, Nanjing
Etihad Cargo Abu Zabi, Almati[16]
FedEx Express Seul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Osaca
Korean Air Cargo Seul-Gimpo, Seul-Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt

Notas[editar | editar a fonte]

  1. 1,0 1,1 "31 March 2014 Preliminary world airport traffic and rankings 2013". Consultado o 26 de agosto de 2017. 
  2. Routes Online (ed.). "Air China plans Astana launch in June 2017". Consultado o 10 de febreiro de 2018. 
  3. Australian Business Traveller (ed.). "Air China to fly Brisbane-Beijing direct from December 2017". Consultado o 19 de marzo de 2018. 
  4. aerochita.ru (ed.). "Авиакомпания Air China возобновляет рейсы из Читы". Consultado o 1 de maio de 2018. 
  5. Routes Online (ed.). "Air China resumes Zurich service from June 2017". Consultado o 1 de maio de 2018. 
  6. https://www.nknews.org/2017/04/air-china-to-renew-beijing-pyongyang-service-on-may-5/
  7. http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274397/american-opens-los-angeles-beijing-bookings-for-nov-2017-launch/
  8. http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/272430/beijing-capital-revises-lisbon-launch-to-late-july-2017/
  9. "Beijing Capital adds Macau service from July 2017". routesonline. Consultado o 13 June 2017. 
  10. http://fijisun.com.fj/2016/02/02/300-tourists-to-arrive-on-first-beijing-nadi-charter-flight-today/
  11. "Hainan Airlines schedules Belgrade Sep 2017 launch". routesonline. Consultado o 21 July 2017. 
  12. "Nok Air delays Beijing launch to June 2017". routesonline. Consultado o 28 April 2017. 
  13. http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/274856/philippine-airlines-plans-cebu-beijing-nov-2017-launch/
  14. http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/252527/united-adds-guam-beijing-charters-in-feb-2016/
  15. Liu, Jim (2 June 2017). "Ural Airlines expands China - Thailand flights from July 2017". Routesonline. Consultado o 2 June 2017. 
  16. "Etihad Crystal Cargo Schedule" (PDF). Arquivado dende o orixinal (PDF) o 26 de abril de 2014. Consultado o 01 de decembro de 2017.